Description: Adam, his children, the first murder and his death.

Adam and Eve left Paradise and began their life on earth.  God had prepared them in many ways.  He gave them the experience of struggling against the whisperings and schemes of Satan.  He taught Adam the names of everything and instructed him in its properties and usefulness.  Adam took up his position as caretaker of the earth and Prophet of God.

Adam, the first Prophet of God was responsible for teaching his wife and offspring how to worship God and seek His forgiveness.  Adam established the laws of God and set about trying to support his family and learning to subdue and care for the earth.  His task was to perpetuate, cultivate, construct and populate; he was to raise children who would live according to God’s instructions and care for and improve the earth.

Adam’s First Four Children

Adam and Eve’s first children, Cain and his sister, were twins,; Abel and his sister, another set of twins, soon followed.  Adam and his family lived in peace and harmony.  Cain ploughed the earth while Abel raised livestock.  Time passed and the occasion came for the sons of Adam to marry.  A group of the companions of Prophet Muhammad including Ibn Abbas and Ibn Masud related that inter-marriage of the male of one pregnancy with the female of another had been the practice among Adam’s children. Therefore we know that God’s plan to fill the earth included each of Adam’s sons marrying the twin sister of the other.

It seems that beauty has played a part in the attraction of men and women since the beginning.  Cain was not pleased with the partner chosen for him.  Cain began to envy his brother and refused to obey the command of his father and, in doing so, he disobeyed God.  God created man with both good and bad tendencies, and the struggle to over come our baser instincts is part of His test for us.

God commanded that each son was to offer a sacrifice.  His judgement would favour the son whose offer was the most acceptable.  Cain offered his worst grain, but Abel offered his best livestock.  God accepted Abel’s sacrifice, so Cain became enraged, threatening to kill his brother.

“And (O Muhammad) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam (Abel and Cain) in truth; when each offered a sacrifice to God, it was accepted from the one but not from the other.  The latter said to the former; ‘I will surely kill you.’” (Quran 5:27)

Abel advised his brother that God would accept good deeds from those that fear and serve Him, but  reject the good deeds of those who are arrogant, selfish and disobedient towards God.

READ ALSO: What is Islam? The core Islam (part 1)

“The former said: ‘Verily God accepts only from those who are pious.  If you do stretch your hand against me to kill me I shall never stretch my hand against you to kill you, for I fear God; the Lord of mankind, jinn, and all that exists.’” (Quran 5:27-28)

The First Murder

“So the self  (base desires) of the other (latter one) encouraged him and made fair seeming to him the murder of his brother; he murdered him and became one of the losers.” (Quran 5:30)

Prophet Muhammad informed us that Cain became angry and hit his brother over the head with a piece of iron.  It was also said in another narration that Cain hit Abel over the head while he was sleeping.

“God sent a crow who scratched the ground to show him to hide the dead body of his brother.  He (the murderer) said: ‘Woe to me!

Am I not even able to be as this crow and to hide the dead body of my brother?’  Then he became one of those who regretted.” (Quran 5:31)

Adam was devastated; he had lost both his first and second born sons.  One had been murdered; the other was won over by mankind’s greatest enemy – Satan.  Patiently, Adam prayed for his son, and continued to care for the earth.  He taught his many children and grandchildren about God.  He told them of his own encounter with Satan and advised them to beware of Satan’s tricks and schemes.  Years and years passed, and  Adam grew old and his children spread out across the earth.

Adam’s Death

All of mankind are the children of Adam.  In one narration, the Prophet Muhammad informed us that God showed Adam his descendants.  Adam saw a beautiful light in Prophet David’s eyes and loved him, so he turned to God and said: “Oh God.  Give him forty years from my life.”  God granted Adam his request, and it was written down and sealed.

Adam’s life span was supposed to be 1000 years but after 960 years the Angel of death came to Adam.  Adam was surprised and said “but I still have 40 years to live”.  The angel of death reminded him of his gift of 40 years to his beloved descendant Prophet David, but  Adam denied it.  Many, many years later, the last Prophet Muhammad said: “Adam denied so the children of Adam deny, Adam forgot and his children forget; Adam made mistakes and his children make mistakes.” (At-Tirmidhi)

In Arabic the word for mankind is insan and it comes from the root word nisyan  to forget.  This is part of human nature, mankind forgets, and when we forget we deny and reject.  Adam forgot (he was not lying), and God forgave him.  Adam then submitted to the will of God and died.  The Angels descended and washed the body of Prophet Adam an odd number of times; they dug the grave and buried the body of the father of mankind, Adam.

Adam’s successor

Before his death Adam reminded his children that God would never leave them alone or without guidance.  He told them God would send other Prophets with unique names, traits and miracles, but they would all call to the same thing – the worship of the One True God.  Adam appointed as his successor his son Seth.

By Aisha Stacey (© 2017 IslamReligion

READ ALSO: What is Islam? The core Islam (part 1)


  1. Hi, I ԁo Ьelieve this is a great website.
    I stumbledսpon it ? I may return yеt again ѕincе i have
    boⲟk-marked it. Money and freedom is the greаtest
    wway to change, mayy you be rich and contіnuе tо guide ᧐thers.

  2. We’re a group of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your website provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive activity and our whole community will probably be grateful to you.

  3. Hello! Someone in my Myspace ցroup shared this ᴡebsite with us soo I cammе to check it out.

    I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marқing
    and will be tweeting this to my followers! Superb blog and wonderful sttle and

  4. A fascinating discussion is worth comment. I think that you need to publish
    more on this subject, it may not be a taboo subject but usually folks don’t talk about
    these subjects. To the next! All the best!

  5. Your style is so unique in comparison to other people I’ve read
    stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got
    the opportunity, Guess I’ll just book mark this site.

  6. Woah! І’m really digging the template/theme οf this bloց.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lߋt of times it’s hard to gеt that
    “perfect balance” between user friendliness andd visual appeal.
    I must say yoս’ve done a superb job wіth this. Additionally,
    thee blog loаds super ffast for me onn Firefox. Superb Blog!

  7. Ӏ’vе been browsing online more than three һhours today, yet I never
    ffound any interesting article ⅼike yours. It iis pretty woгth enough fог me.

    Personally, if all website oѡners and bloggers made ɡoоd contennt as you did, the net will be a lot
    more useful than ever before.

  8. Howdy! Thhis is my firѕt visit to yoᥙг blog!
    We are a collecttіon of volunteеrs and starting a new project in a community in the same niche.
    Your bloց provided us useful іnformatiօn to work on. You hаve done a extraordinary job!

  9. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites
    I stumbleupon every day. It will always be helpful to read content from other writers and use a
    little something from their websites.

  10. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thank you, However I am experiencing difficulties with your RSS.
    I don’t know why I can’t join it. Is there anyone
    else getting the same RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly
    respond? Thanks!!

  11. Hi! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up for your great information you
    have got right here on this post. I’ll be returning to your site for more

  12. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging
    on sites I stumbleupon every day. It’s always exciting to
    read articles from other writers and use a little
    something from their web sites.

  13. Ꮋey there, You’ve done a greаt job.
    I wіlll definitely dig it andd personally sᥙggest to
    my friends. I’m confidsnt they will be Ьenefited from this sіtе.

  14. I hardly drop remarks, however I browsed a few of the remarks on this page THE STORY OF ADAM (PART 4 OF 5):
    LIFE ON EARTH -. I actually do have a few questions for you if you don’t mind.

    Could it be only me or does it give the impression like some of
    the remarks appear like they are left by brain dead visitors?
    😛 And, if you are posting on other online social sites, I would like to follow anything
    new you have to post. Would you post a list of the complete urls of all
    your public pages like your linkedin profile, Facebook page or twitter feed?

  15. I Ьelieve this is ⲟne of thе such a lot vital information foг me.
    And i am happy reading ʏour article. However wanna remark on few basic things, The web site style is ԝonderful,
    the articles iѕ in reality nice : D. Excellent task, cheers

  16. Hi there! I just want to offer you a big thumbs up for the excellent info you’ve got here on this post.
    I’ll be coming back to your web site for more soon.

  17. Howdy would you mind ⅼetting me know ѡhich wеbhost
    you’re utilizing? I’ѵe loaded yoᥙr blog in 3 compⅼetely different web browsers and
    I must say this blog loads a lot quicker thsn most.
    Caan you rеcommend a good internet hosting provider at a fair price?

    Many thanks, I appreciate it!

  18. My coder is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on numerous websites
    for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform.

    I have heard fantastic things about Is there a
    way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into it?
    Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  19. You’ve made some decent points there. I looked on the internet to learn more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views
    on this site.

  20. Right here is the perfect web site for anybody who
    hopes to find out about this topic. You realize a whole lot
    its almost tough to argue with you (not that I personally will need to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a brand new spin on a subject that has been discussed for
    ages. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful.

  21. Everything is very open with a clear description of the issues.
    It was definitely informative. Your site is extremely helpful.
    Many thanks for sharing!

  22. Having read this I thought it was really enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this
    article together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both
    reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  23. Everyone loves what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and coverage!
    Keep up the excellent works guys I’ve added you guys
    to my personal blogroll.